I had decided moving from unmaintained and old
rdiff-backup to quite new and modern
duplicity. Another reason beside its relative novelty is e.g. its support for different storage like Dropbox, Webdav or multistorage(!) and also encryption. I will use SSH and rsync to do a backup on a remote host.
Creating first backup
I will not go into big details here, since this was done very well on DigitalOcean. Just don't forget that from two keys you create with
gpg you need to use the private key denoted as
gpg --list-keys. This is needed just for the first time you make a backup e.g. by this command:
duplicity -v5 --encrypt-key 6B5xxxx2 /dirs/to/backup rsync://endpoint//place/to/do/backup/on/remote/host
Bugs and caveats
This part is relevant to this configuration of my stack:
$ gpg --version
gpg (GnuPG) 2.1.11
Copyright (C) 2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Pubkey: RSA, ELG, DSA, ECDH, ECDSA, EDDSA
Cipher: IDEA, 3DES, CAST5, BLOWFISH, AES, AES192, AES256, TWOFISH,
CAMELLIA128, CAMELLIA192, CAMELLIA256
Hash: SHA1, RIPEMD160, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512, SHA224
Compression: Uncompressed, ZIP, ZLIB, BZIP2
duplicity 0.7.06 and latest Arch Linux up to this date.
The first backup went well, but the second one wasn't possible to do because of some stupid error. I found that this is a bug and can be solved by:
1. Possibly installing
pinentry and then adding this to
and this to
then you should be able to do the backup just with passing your passphrase (or setting it as env variable) by this:
duplicity /dir/to/backup rsync://endpoing//dir/where/to/save/backup
I also recommend to set up lower priority for this process by prepending the command above by
nice -n 10.
First you should try to find the file you are looking for by this command:
duplicity list-current-files rsync://endpoint/backups|grep my/file
and then, if you find it, restore it with:
duplicity restore --file-to-restore file/to/restore/without/leading/slash rsync://endpoint/backups where/to/save/locally
How to restore on different device
When your backup device dies, you also might have lost your private keys and hence you are f**d up because even though you have your backup, you can't de-encrypt it. Hence, you should create a backup of your private key used for backup and save it somewhere securely. This can be done by
gpg --export-private-keys <KEY_ID> > key.cer. Then you can import it on a machine you want to do a restore operation by
gpg --import key.cer. That's it.
Bugs and caveats
I wanted to use duplicity with mega, but it seems there is some bug because of old megapy package. I just hope someone will do a new binding using official MEGA SDK.